HFS: File masks: Difference between revisions

From rejetto wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 11: Line 11:
== The star (*) ==
== The star (*) ==


stands for <i>any string</i> of characters. If the mask contains only the star, it would match ANY file.
The star (also called "asterisk") stands for <i>any string</i> of characters. If the mask contains only the star, it matches ANY file.


If you put an A before the star <tt>A*</tt>, it matches any file starting with an A.
If you put an A before the star <tt>A*</tt>, it matches any file starting with an A.
Line 17: Line 17:
If you put an A after  the star <tt>*A</tt>, it matches any file ending with an A.
If you put an A after  the star <tt>*A</tt>, it matches any file ending with an A.


Moreover <tt>A*B</tt> matches any file starting with an A and ending with a B.
<tt>A*B</tt> matches any file starting with an A and ending with a B.
In the example above, you find <i>*.jpg</i> : it matches any file ending with .jpg that is jpeg images.
The example above shows <i>*.jpg</i> : it matches any file ending with .jpg (that is, jpeg images). jpeg files are relatively unusual because they sometimes end with <i>.jpeg</i> and more rarely with <i>.jpe</i> . (The part of a filename that comes after the period is called the file "extension", and is normally limited to three characters.)  You could use the mask .jp* to match all types of jpeg files.
Well, know that jpeg files sometimes ends with <i>.jpeg</i> and rarely with <i>.jpe</i> .


The star matches also the <i>null string</i>: <tt>a*.jpg</tt> matches files like <i>a1.jpg</i> , <i>adfgg.jpg</i>
The star also matches the <i>null string</i>: <tt>a*.jpg</tt> matches files like <i>a1.jpg</i> , <i>adfgg.jpg</i>
but also <i>a.jpg</i> , where the star has been replaced with nothing.
but also <i>a.jpg</i>.


== The question mark (?) ==
== The question mark (?) ==

Revision as of 20:45, 9 October 2006

What is it?

A file mask denotes a set of files. It is usually something like this: *.jpg;*.gif. This example denotes any jpeg and gif files.

How does it work?

The example above shows a double file mask. It has two atoms separated by the semicolon: *.jpg and *.gif. The semicolon is used to merge multiple masks: it is a special character. There are only three special characters in file masks: ; * and ?.

The star (*)

The star (also called "asterisk") stands for any string of characters. If the mask contains only the star, it matches ANY file.

If you put an A before the star A*, it matches any file starting with an A.

If you put an A after the star *A, it matches any file ending with an A.

A*B matches any file starting with an A and ending with a B. The example above shows *.jpg : it matches any file ending with .jpg (that is, jpeg images). jpeg files are relatively unusual because they sometimes end with .jpeg and more rarely with .jpe . (The part of a filename that comes after the period is called the file "extension", and is normally limited to three characters.) You could use the mask .jp* to match all types of jpeg files.

The star also matches the null string: a*.jpg matches files like a1.jpg , adfgg.jpg but also a.jpg.

The question mark (?)

stands for a single character. Something like A?B matches any 3 chars long filename, starting with an A and ending with a B. The length is fixed to 3 characters because ? can be replaced by only one single character. Thus the ? does not match the null string as the * does.