HFS: Il Virtual File System
What is a File
It is a sequence of bytes. A byte is a unit of information.
What is a File System
It is an ordered set of files. Often they are hierarchically ordered in folders (also called directories).
What is a Virtual File System
File Systems are stored on a disk. A Virtual File System (VFS) is stored in memory instead. This can be very interesting; in fact this is the main reason I started working on HFS.
Thanks to the VFS you can publish things in the way you want without actually changing anything on your disk. People will only see what you want them to see. You can hide files, rename them, move them to another folder, etc. This is what people will actually see! But nothing changes on your disk.
Many people are already familiar with this because of well-known software such as Nero which also has a VFS.
Most web servers let you publish one or more folders, but the content shown will just reflect the disk's contents. This is sometimes an unwanted feature.
What is a real/virtual folder
The VFS in HFS has both virtual folders and real folders. Sometimes it may be irrelevant, but at other times you'd better pay attention to which you choose.
Virtual folders are yellow, real folders are red.
A real folder is a link to a folder on your disk, and shows the current (real-time) content of your disk.
The real folder is not necessarily the same as the folder on your disk. There are many aspects of the folder that you can change virtually. You can rename it, add files, hide files, etc.
A virtual folder only shows items you can see in the VFS. When you add a virtual folder based on a folder on your disk, the disk's contents are copied to the VFS. From now on, the content is seperated from the disk; it is virtualized. If a file is subsequently added or removed, the VFS won't be updated to reflect those changes.
In the future
In the not-so-far future, this difference between folders will disappear. You will be able to do everything with a (normal) folder.